Adaptation reveals sensory and decision components in the visual estimation of locomotion speed

Mather, George and Parsons, Todd (2018) Adaptation reveals sensory and decision components in the visual estimation of locomotion speed. Scientific Reports, 8 (1). p. 13059. ISSN 2045-2322

Full content URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-30230-1

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Adaptation reveals sensory and decision components in the visual estimation of locomotion speed
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Abstract

Locomotion speed provides important social information about an individual’s fitness, mood and
intent. Visual estimation of locomotion speed is a complex task for the visual system because viewing
distance must be taken into account, and the estimate has to be calibrated by recent experience of
typical speeds. Little is known about how locomotion speed judgements are made. Previous research
indicates that the human visual system possesses neurons that respond specifically to moving human
forms. This research used point-light walker (PLW) displays that are known to activate these cells,
in order to investigate the process mediating locomotion speed judgements. The results of three
adaptation experiments show that these judgements involve both a low-level sensory component and
a high-level decision component. A simple theoretical scheme is proposed, in which neurons sensitive
to image flicker rate (temporal frequency) provide a sensory speed code, and a benchmark ‘norm’ value
of the speed code, based on prevailing locomotion speeds, is used to make decisions about objective
speed. The output of a simple computational model of the scheme successfully captured variations in
locomotion speed in the stimuli used in the experiments. The theory offers a biologically-motivated
account of how locomotion speed can be visually estimated.

Additional Information:Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords:Motion perception, Adaptation, Locomotion
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C830 Experimental Psychology
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B140 Neuroscience
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:33197
Deposited On:13 Sep 2018 11:16

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