The wear characteristics of a high power diode laser generated glaze on the ordinary Portland cement surface of concrete

Lawrence, Jonathan and Li, Lin (2000) The wear characteristics of a high power diode laser generated glaze on the ordinary Portland cement surface of concrete. Wear, 246 (1-2). pp. 91-97. ISSN 0043-1648

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Full text URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1648(00)00454-3

Abstract

The ordinary Portland cement (OPC) surface layer of concrete, which was glazed using a high power diode laser (HPDL), has been tested in order to determine the wear characteristics of the glaze. The work showed that the generation of a surface glaze resulted in the considerable enhancement of the wear characteristics over an untreated OPC surface of concrete. Within both normal and corrosive (detergent, NaOH and HNO3) environmental conditions the wear rate of the HPDL generated glaze was 3.5 mg.cm-2.h-1. In contrast, the untreated OPC surface of concrete exhibited a wear rate of 9.8 - 114.8 mg.cm-2.h-1 when exposed to the various reagents. Life assessment testing revealed that the laser glazed OPC surfaces effected an increase in actual wear life of 1.3 to 17.7 times over the untreated OPC surface of concrete, depending upon the corrosive environment. The reasons for these marked improvements in the wear resistance and wear life of the HPDL generated glaze over the untreated OPC surface of concrete can be attributed to firstly, the vitrification of the OPC surface after HPDL treatment which subsequently created a much more dense and consolidated surface, and secondly, the generation of a surface with improved microstructure and phase which is more resistant in corrosive environments.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:The ordinary Portland cement (OPC) surface layer of concrete, which was glazed using a high power diode laser (HPDL), has been tested in order to determine the wear characteristics of the glaze. The work showed that the generation of a surface glaze resulted in the considerable enhancement of the wear characteristics over an untreated OPC surface of concrete. Within both normal and corrosive (detergent, NaOH and HNO3) environmental conditions the wear rate of the HPDL generated glaze was 3.5 mg.cm-2.h-1. In contrast, the untreated OPC surface of concrete exhibited a wear rate of 9.8 - 114.8 mg.cm-2.h-1 when exposed to the various reagents. Life assessment testing revealed that the laser glazed OPC surfaces effected an increase in actual wear life of 1.3 to 17.7 times over the untreated OPC surface of concrete, depending upon the corrosive environment. The reasons for these marked improvements in the wear resistance and wear life of the HPDL generated glaze over the untreated OPC surface of concrete can be attributed to firstly, the vitrification of the OPC surface after HPDL treatment which subsequently created a much more dense and consolidated surface, and secondly, the generation of a surface with improved microstructure and phase which is more resistant in corrosive environments.
Keywords:High power diode laser (HPDL), Concrete, Ordinary Portland cement (OPC), Surface glazing, Wear, Life characteristics
Subjects:H Engineering > H680 Optoelectronic Engineering
H Engineering > H700 Production and Manufacturing Engineering
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
ID Code:3239
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:20 Aug 2010 08:09
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 08:45

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