Finite element analysis of temperature distribution using ABAQUS for a laser based tile grout sealing process

Lawrence, Jonathan and Li, Lin (2000) Finite element analysis of temperature distribution using ABAQUS for a laser based tile grout sealing process. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 214 (6). pp. 451-461. ISSN 0954-4054

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Abstract

Interaction of CO2, Nd:YAG, excimer and high power diode laser (HPDL) radiation with the surface of an Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic was found to effect significant changes in the wettability characteristics of the material. It was observed that interaction with CO2, Nd:YAG and HPDL radiation reduced the enamel contact angle from 1180 to 310, 340 and 330 respectively. In contrast, interaction with excimer laser radiation resulted an increase in the contact angle to 1210. Such changes were identified as being due to: (i) the melting and partial vitrification of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic surface as a result of interaction with CO2, Nd:YAG HPDL radiation. (ii) the surface roughness of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic increasing after interaction with excimer laser radiation. (iii) the surface oxygen content of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic increasing after interaction with CO2, Nd:YAG and HPDL radiation. The work has shown that the wettability characteristics of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic could be controlled and/or modified with laser surface treatment. In particular, whether the laser radiation had the propensity to cause surface melting. However, a wavelength dependance of the change of the wetting properties could not be deduced from the findings of this work.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Interaction of CO2, Nd:YAG, excimer and high power diode laser (HPDL) radiation with the surface of an Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic was found to effect significant changes in the wettability characteristics of the material. It was observed that interaction with CO2, Nd:YAG and HPDL radiation reduced the enamel contact angle from 1180 to 310, 340 and 330 respectively. In contrast, interaction with excimer laser radiation resulted an increase in the contact angle to 1210. Such changes were identified as being due to: (i) the melting and partial vitrification of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic surface as a result of interaction with CO2, Nd:YAG HPDL radiation. (ii) the surface roughness of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic increasing after interaction with excimer laser radiation. (iii) the surface oxygen content of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic increasing after interaction with CO2, Nd:YAG and HPDL radiation. The work has shown that the wettability characteristics of the Al2O3/SiO2 based ceramic could be controlled and/or modified with laser surface treatment. In particular, whether the laser radiation had the propensity to cause surface melting. However, a wavelength dependance of the change of the wetting properties could not be deduced from the findings of this work.
Keywords:CO2 laser, Nd:YAG laser, excimer laser, high power diode laser (HPDL), surface energy, wettability, enamel, alumina, silica, ceramic
Subjects:H Engineering > H680 Optoelectronic Engineering
H Engineering > H700 Production and Manufacturing Engineering
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
ID Code:3175
Deposited By: Rosaline Smith
Deposited On:04 Aug 2010 21:55
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 08:44

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