The effects of high power diode laser radiation on the wettability, adhesion and bonding characteristics of an alumina/silica-based oxide and vitreous enamel

Lawrence, Jonathan and Li, Lin and Spencer, Julian (1999) The effects of high power diode laser radiation on the wettability, adhesion and bonding characteristics of an alumina/silica-based oxide and vitreous enamel. Surface & Coatings Technology, 115 (2-3). pp. 273-281. ISSN 0257-8972

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0257-8972(99)00251-0

Abstract

An amalgamated alumina/silica-based oxide compound (AOC) was surface treated using a 60 W high
power diode laser (HPDL). The effects of HPDL radiation on the wettability and adhesion
characteristics of the AOC and a vitreous enamel have been determined. The basic process
phenomena are investigated and the effects of laser irradiation in terms of composition and
microstructure are presented. Without laser treatment of the AOC surface it was not possible to fire
the enamel onto the AOC. However, wetting experiments using a number of control liquids, by the
sessile drop technique, revealed that laser treatment of the AOC surface resulted in the polar
component of the surface energy increasing after laser treatment from 2.00 mJm-2 to 16.15 mJm-2.
Additionally, surface roughness measurements revealed that after laser treatment, the surface
roughness had decreased from an Ra value of 25.85μm to 6.27μm, whilst an energy disperse X-ray
analysis (EDX) revealed that the relative surface oxygen content of the AOC had increased by
36.29% after laser treatment. Thus, laser treatment was identified as effecting a decrease in the
enamel contact angle from 1180 to 330; consequently allowing the vitreous enamel to wet the surface.
The bonding mechanisms were identified as being principally due to van der Waals forces, however,
some evidence of chemical bonding was observed. The work has shown clearly that laser radiation
can be used to alter the wetting characteristics of the AOC.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:An amalgamated alumina/silica-based oxide compound (AOC) was surface treated using a 60 W high power diode laser (HPDL). The effects of HPDL radiation on the wettability and adhesion characteristics of the AOC and a vitreous enamel have been determined. The basic process phenomena are investigated and the effects of laser irradiation in terms of composition and microstructure are presented. Without laser treatment of the AOC surface it was not possible to fire the enamel onto the AOC. However, wetting experiments using a number of control liquids, by the sessile drop technique, revealed that laser treatment of the AOC surface resulted in the polar component of the surface energy increasing after laser treatment from 2.00 mJm-2 to 16.15 mJm-2. Additionally, surface roughness measurements revealed that after laser treatment, the surface roughness had decreased from an Ra value of 25.85μm to 6.27μm, whilst an energy disperse X-ray analysis (EDX) revealed that the relative surface oxygen content of the AOC had increased by 36.29% after laser treatment. Thus, laser treatment was identified as effecting a decrease in the enamel contact angle from 1180 to 330; consequently allowing the vitreous enamel to wet the surface. The bonding mechanisms were identified as being principally due to van der Waals forces, however, some evidence of chemical bonding was observed. The work has shown clearly that laser radiation can be used to alter the wetting characteristics of the AOC.
Keywords:high-power diode laser, surface energy, wettability, alumina, silica, enamel, oxide
Subjects:H Engineering > H680 Optoelectronic Engineering
H Engineering > H700 Production and Manufacturing Engineering
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
ID Code:3171
Deposited By: Rosaline Smith
Deposited On:04 Aug 2010 22:06
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 08:44

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