Mapping hotspots of malaria transmission from pre-existing hydrology, geology and geomorphology data in the pre-elimination context of Zanzibar, United Republic of Tanzania

Hardy, A. and Mageni, Z. and Dongus, S. and Killeen, G. and Macklin, M. and Majambare, S. and Ali, A. and Msellem, M. and Al-Mafazy, A. W. and Smith, M. and Thomas, C. (2015) Mapping hotspots of malaria transmission from pre-existing hydrology, geology and geomorphology data in the pre-elimination context of Zanzibar, United Republic of Tanzania. Parasites & Vectors . ISSN 1756-3305

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-015-0652-5

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Abstract

Larval source management strategies can play an important role in malaria elimination programmes, especially for tackling outdoor biting species and for eliminating parasite and vector populations when they are most vulnerable during the dry season. Effective larval source management requires tools for identifying geographic foci of vector proliferation and malaria transmission where these efforts may be concentrated. Previous studies have relied on surface topographic wetness to indicate hydrological potential for vector breeding sites, but this is unsuitable for karst (limestone) landscapes such as Zanzibar where water flow, especially in the dry season, is subterranean and not controlled by surface topography.

Keywords:Mosquito breeding habitat, Malaria, Larval source management, Hydrology, Geomorphology, Geology
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F810 Environmental Geography
F Physical Sciences > F840 Physical Geography
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
ID Code:31605
Deposited On:18 Apr 2018 13:14

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