Modelling remediation scenarios in historical mining catchments

Gamarra, J G P and Brewer, P A and Macklin, Mark and Martin, K (2013) Modelling remediation scenarios in historical mining catchments. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21 (11). pp. 6952-6963. ISSN 1614-7499

Full content URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11356...

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

Local remediation measures, particularly those undertaken in historical mining areas, can often be ineffective or even deleterious because erosion and sedimentation processes operate at spatial scales beyond those typically used in point-source remediation. Based on realistic simulations of a hybrid landscape evolution model combined with stochastic rainfall generation, we demonstrate that similar remediation strategies may result in differing effects across three contrasting European catchments depending on their topographic and hydrologic regimes. Based on these results, we propose a conceptual model of catchment-scale remediation effectiveness based on three basic catchment characteristics: the degree of contaminant source coupling, the ratio of contaminated to non-contaminated sediment delivery, and the frequency of sediment transport events.

Additional Information:The final published version of this article is available online at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11356-013-2170-3
Keywords:CAESAR landscape evolution model, TRACER, Mine remediation, Stochastic rainfall simulation, Sediment-associated contaminant dispersal
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F810 Environmental Geography
F Physical Sciences > F840 Physical Geography
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
ID Code:31595
Deposited On:13 Aug 2018 14:39

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