Holocene climate change and prehistoric settlement in the lower Danube valley

Bonsall, C. and Macklin, M. and Boroneant, A. and Pickard, C. and Bartosiewicz, L. and Cook, G. T. and Higham, T. F. G. (2015) Holocene climate change and prehistoric settlement in the lower Danube valley. Quaternary International, 378 . pp. 14-21. ISSN 1040-6182

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Abstract

An analysis of the summed probability distributions of 293 radiocarbon dates from Late Glacial to midHolocene
sites in the Danubian Iron Gates highlights the existence of well-marked 14C discontinuities at
c. 9.5e9.0 ka, 8.65e8.0 ka and after 7.8 ka cal BP. These coincide with climate anomalies recorded in
Greenland ice cores and palaeoclimate archives from the Danube catchment. Four possible explanations
are considered: dwindling fish resources, changes in the social environment, flood-induced settlement
relocations, and taphonomic effects. On present evidence, the last two factors are thought to be the most
likely cause of the discontinuities observed in the Iron Gates MesolithiceEarly Neolithic radiocarbon
record.

Additional Information:Climate impact on ecosystem changes and human responses during the Last Glacial and Early Holocene: a contribution to the INTIMATE (INTegration of Ice-core, MArine and TErrestrial records) COST Action ES0907
Keywords:climate change, floods, Radiocarbon discontinuities, Iron Gates of Danube, Mesolithic, Neolithic
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F810 Environmental Geography
F Physical Sciences > F840 Physical Geography
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
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ID Code:31593
Deposited On:18 Apr 2018 13:45

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