Predicting fear of crime: personality outperforms prior victimisation

Ellis, David A. and Renouf, Kayleigh J. (2018) Predicting fear of crime: personality outperforms prior victimisation. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 29 (3). pp. 403-418. ISSN 1478-9949

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

Reported levels of crime continue to fall, but fear of crime remains a significant social problem. Previous studies have identified several factors that predict fear of crime (e.g. age and gender), however, it is not obvious how this information can be used to help distinguish between individuals in larger groups. Personality is predictive of other lifestyle outcomes yet its relationship with fear of crime remains unknown. We examined personality correlates of fear of crime alongside other well-established predictors. A total of 301 participants completed the HEXACO-PI-R personality scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire. Higher levels of emotionality (r = .37) and lower levels of honesty-humility (r = −.18) correlated with increased levels of crime-related fear; however, prior victimisation did not improve a subsequent model. While elucidating the relationship between fear of crime and personality, our results also raise additional questions concerning the measurement of crime-related fear in the general population.

Keywords:Crime, personality, victimization
Subjects:L Social studies > L410 UK Social Policy
L Social studies > L370 Social Theory
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Social & Political Sciences
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ID Code:31386
Deposited On:27 Mar 2018 14:11

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