Age-related physical and psychological vulnerability as pathways to problem gambling in older adults

Parke, Adrian and Griffiths, Mark and Pattinson, Julie and Keatley, David (2018) Age-related physical and psychological vulnerability as pathways to problem gambling in older adults. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 7 (1). pp. 137-145. ISSN 2062-5871

Full content URL:

JBA paper.pdf
JBA paper.pdf - Whole Document
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive


Background: To inform clinical treatment and preventative efforts, there is an important need to understand the
pathways to late-life gambling disorder. Aims: This study assesses the association between age-related physical
health, social networks, and problem gambling in adults aged over 65 years and assesses the mediating role of
affective disorders in this association. Methods: The sample comprised 595 older adults (mean age: 74.4 years, range:
65–94 years; 77.1% female) who were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to assess physical frailty, geriatric
pain, loneliness, geriatric depression, geriatric anxiety, and problem gambling. Results: Pathway analysis demonstrated
associations between these variables and gambling problems, providing a good fit for the data, but that
critically these relationships were mediated by both anxiety and depression symptoms. Conclusions: This study
indicates that late-life problem gambling may develop as vulnerable individuals gamble to escape anxiety and
depression consequent to deteriorating physical well-being and social support. When individuals develop late-life
problem gambling, it is recommended that the treatment primarily focuses upon targeting and replacing avoidant
coping approaches.

Keywords:gambling, older adults, women, anxiety, depression
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C840 Clinical Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:31203
Deposited On:07 Mar 2018 13:52

Repository Staff Only: item control page