Food consumption and diet quality choices of Roma in Romania: a counterfactual analysis

Ciaian, Pavel and Cupak, Andrej and Pokrovcak, Jan and Rizov, Marian (2018) Food consumption and diet quality choices of Roma in Romania: a counterfactual analysis. Food Security, 10 (2). pp. 437-456. ISSN 1876-4517

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Abstract

This paper analyses the diet quality aspect of food security of Roma in Romania. We employed a modified Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition technique using Household Budget Survey data for the period 2004–2011. The estimates suggest that Roma have inferior diet diversity compared to the non-Roma. Around one-third of the diet diversity gap is explained by the differences in observed socio-economic factors, whereas the remaining part of the gap is attributed to unobserved factors. We argue that the unexplained component of the diet diversity gap is caused by the discrimination of the Roma on the labour market and by their specific informal institutions.

Keywords:Diet diversity, Diet diversity gap, Informal institutions, Discrimination, Roma
Subjects:L Social studies > L100 Economics
L Social studies > L330 Ethnic studies
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G340 Statistical Modelling
L Social studies > L113 Economic Policy
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B400 Nutrition
L Social studies > L110 Applied Economics
Divisions:Lincoln International Business School
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ID Code:31190
Deposited On:07 Mar 2018 14:22

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