Mindfulness self-help interventions for symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress: review and meta-analysis

Martin, Kristy-Jane and Golijani-Moghaddam, Nima and dasNair, Roshan (2018) Mindfulness self-help interventions for symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress: review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 25 (2). pp. 82-95. ISSN 1741-1645

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Abstract

Background: Mindfulness-based therapy has been found to be an efficacious treatment for a range of mental and physical health conditions. There are increasing efforts to deliver benefits of mindfulness through less intensive/more accessible modalities but whether this efficacy holds in lower-intensity forms is unknown. This paper reviews the effectiveness of mindfulness delivered in a self-help manner for reducing symptoms of anxiety, depression and stress.

Methods: We conducted a systematic search on a number of databases. Data were analysed with primary outcome measures of depression, anxiety and stress, and a secondary outcome of mindfulness. Sub-group analyses were completed for active control versus passive control.

Findings: Analyses revealed statistically significant differences for primary and secondary outcomes, favouring the intervention group. Sub-group analyses were conducted for depression and anxiety (passive control) and depression (active control) and showed no significant differences.

Discussion: There is support for the use of mindfulness in a self-help format, although there are relatively few studies and sample sizes are generally small. The high heterogeneity reduces the potential impact of these findings as well as mixed ratings for risk of bias within studies. Limitations of this review and implications for future research are discussed.

Keywords:mindfulness, self-help, distress, systematic review
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C840 Clinical Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:31160
Deposited On:06 Mar 2018 09:29

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