View-dependent accuracy in body mass judgements of female bodies

cornelissen, P. L. and Cornelissen, K. K. and Groves, V. and McCarty, K. and Tovee, M. (2018) View-dependent accuracy in body mass judgements of female bodies. Body Image, 24 . pp. 116-123. ISSN 1740-1445

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.007

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View-dependent accuracy in body mass judgements of female bodies

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Abstract

A fundamental issue in testing body image perception is how to present the test stimuli. Previous studies have almost exclusively used images of bodies viewed in front-view, but this potentially obscures key visual cues used to judge adiposity reducing the ability to make accurate judgements. A potential solution is to use a three-quarter view, which combines visual cues to body fat that can be observed in front and profile. To test this hypothesis, 20 female observers completed a 2-alternative forced choice paradigm to determine the smallest difference in body fat detectable in female bodies in front, three-quarter, and profile view. There was a significant advantage for three-quarter and profile relative to front-view. Discrimination accuracy is predicted by the saliency of stomach depth, suggesting that this is a key visual cue used to judge body mass. In future, bodies should ideally be presented in three-quarter to accurately assess body size discrimination.

Keywords:BMI; Body fat; Body judgements; Figural body scales
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C841 Health Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C830 Experimental Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C850 Cognitive Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C840 Clinical Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:31046
Deposited On:06 Mar 2018 10:53

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