Performance of candidates disclosing dyslexia with other candidates in a UK medical licensing examination: cross-sectional study

Asghar, Zahid B. and Siriwardena, A. Niroshan and Elfes, Chris and Richardson, Jo and Larcombe, James and Neden, Katherine A. and Salim, Amer and Smalley, David and Blow, Carol (2018) Performance of candidates disclosing dyslexia with other candidates in a UK medical licensing examination: cross-sectional study. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 94 (1110). pp. 198-203. ISSN 0032-5473

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Performance of candidates disclosing dyslexia with other candidates in a UK medical licensing examination: cross-sectional study
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Abstract

Purpose of the study
The aim of this study was to compare performance of candidates who declared an expert-confirmed diagnosis of dyslexia with all other candidates in the Applied Knowledge Test (AKT) of the Membership of the Royal College of General Practitioners licensing examination.

Study design
We used routinely collected data from candidates who took the AKT on one or more occasions between 2010 and 2015. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyse performance of candidates who declared dyslexia with all other candidates, adjusting for candidate characteristics known to be associated with examination success including age, sex, ethnicity, country of primary medical qualification, stage of training, number of attempts and time spent completing the test.

Results
The analysis included data from 14 examinations involving 14 801 candidates of which 2.6% (379/14 801) declared dyslexia. The pass rate for candidates who declared dyslexia was 83.6% compared with 95.0% for other candidates. After adjusting for covariates linked to examination success including age, sex, ethnicity, country of primary medical qualification, stage of training, number of attempts and time spent completing the test dyslexia was not significantly associated with pass rates in the AKT. Candidates declaring dyslexia after initially failing the AKT were more likely to have a primary medical qualification outside the UK.

Conclusions
Performance was similar in AKT candidates disclosing dyslexia with other candidates once covariates associated with examination success were adjusted for. Candidates declaring dyslexia after initially failing the AKT were more likely to have a primary medical qualification outside the UK.

Keywords:dyslexia, specific learning disorder, medical licensing, examination, applied knowledge test
Subjects:A Medicine and Dentistry > A300 Clinical Medicine
L Social studies > L340 Disability in Society
X Education > X360 Academic studies in Specialist Education
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Health & Social Care
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http://purl.org/dc/terms/isVersionofhttp://eprints.lincoln.ac.uk/30578/
ID Code:30486
Deposited On:01 Mar 2018 08:45

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