Ma, Gary and Barlow , David J. and Miller, Clare and Harvey, Richard D. and Webster, John R. P. and Lawrence, M. Jayne (2008) Effects of surface pressure on the structure of the monolayer formed at the air/water interface by a non-ionic surfactant. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 317 (1). pp. 314-325. ISSN 0021-9797
Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2007.09.011
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The monolayer formed at an air/water interface by the synthetic non-ionic surfactant, 1,2-di-O-octadecyl-rac-glyceryl-3-(ω-methoxydodecakis (ethylene glycol)) (2C18E12) has been characterized using Langmuir trough measurements, Brewster angle microscopy (BAM), and neutron reflectometry. The BAM and reflectometry studies were performed at four different surface pressures (π) in the range 15–40 mN/m. The BAM studies (which give information on the in-plane organisation of the surfactant layer) demonstrate that the 2C18E12 molecules are arranged on the water surface to form distinct, approximately circular, 5 μm diameter domains. As the surface pressure is increased these domains retain their size and shape but are made progressively more close-packed, such that the monolayer is made more or less complete at π=40 mN/m. The neutron reflectometry measurements were made to determine the structure of the interfacial surfactant layer at π=15, 28, 34 and 40 mN/m, providing information on the thickness of the 2C18E12 alkyl chains', head groups' and associated solvent distributions (measured along the surface normal), along with the separations between these distributions, and the effective interfacial area per molecule. Partial structure factor analyses of the reflectivity data show that the effective interfacial area occupied decreases from 217 Å2 per 2C18E12 molecule at π=15 mN/m down to 102 Å2 at π=40 mN/m. There are concomitant increases in the widths of the surfactant's alkyl chains' and head groups' distributions (modelled as Gaussians), with the former rising from 12 Å (at π=15 mN/m) up to 19 Å (at π=40 mN/m) and the latter rising from 13 Å (at π=15 mN/m) up to 24 Å (at π=40 mN/m). The compression of the monolayer is also shown to give rise to an increased surface roughness, some of which is due to the thermal roughness caused by capillary waves, but with a significant contribution also coming from the intrinsic/structural disorder in the monolayer. At all surface pressures studied, the alkyl chains and head groups of the 2C18E12 are found to exhibit a significant overlap, and this increases with increasing π. Given the various trends noted on how the structure of the 2C18E12 monolayer changes as a function of π, we extrapolate to consider the structure of the monolayer at π>40 mN/m (making comparison with its single chain (CnEm) counterparts) and then relate these findings to the observations recorded on the structure and solute entrapment efficiency of 2C18E12 vesicles.
|Keywords:||Langmuir trough, Brewster angle microscopy, neutron reflectivity, non-ionic surfactant, surfactant monolayer|
|Subjects:||C Biological Sciences > C770 Biophysical Science|
C Biological Sciences > C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
|Divisions:||College of Social Science > School of Health & Social Care|
|Deposited On:||28 Jul 2010 14:10|
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