Efficacy of supervised maintenance exercise following pulmonary rehabilitation on health-care use: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Jenkins, Alex and Gowler, Holly and Curtis, Ffion and Holden, Neil and Bridle, Christopher and Jones, Arwel (2018) Efficacy of supervised maintenance exercise following pulmonary rehabilitation on health-care use: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of COPD (13). pp. 257-273. ISSN 1176-9106

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Abstract

Introduction: The clinical benefit of continued supervised maintenance exercise programmes following pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD remains unclear. This systematic review aimed to synthesise the available evidence on the efficacy of supervised maintenance exercise programmes compared to usual care following pulmonary rehabilitation completion on health-care use and mortality.
Methods: Electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and PEDro) and trial registers (Clinicaltrials.gov and Current Controlled Trials) were searched for randomised trials comparing supervised maintenance exercise programmes to usual care following pulmonary rehabilitation completion. Primary outcomes were respiratory-cause hospital admissions, exacerbations requiring treatment with antibiotics and/or systemic corticosteroids, and mortality.
Results: Eight trials (790 COPD patients) met the inclusion criteria, six providing data for meta-analysis. Continued supervised maintenance exercise compared to usual care following pulmonary rehabilitation completion significantly reduced the risk of experiencing at least one respiratory-cause hospital admission (risk ratio 0.62, 95% CI 0.47 - 0.81, p < 0.001). Meta-analyses also suggested supervised maintenance exercise leads to a clinically important reduction in the rate of respiratory-cause hospital admissions (rate ratio 0.72, 0.50 - 1.05, p = 0.09), overall risk of an exacerbation (risk ratio 0.79, 0.52 - 1.19, p = 0.25), and mortality (risk ratio 0.57, 0.17 - 1.92, p = 0.37).
Conclusions: In the first systematic review of the area, current evidence demonstrates that continued supervised maintenance exercise compared to usual care following pulmonary rehabilitation, reduces health-care use in COPD. The variance in the quality of the evidence included in this review highlights the need for this evidence to be followed up with further high quality randomised trials.

Keywords:pulmonary rehabilitation, Health outcomes, Supervised maintenance programmes, Hospitalisation, Exacerbations
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B160 Physiotherapy
A Medicine and Dentistry > A300 Clinical Medicine
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B120 Physiology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
College of Social Science > Lincoln Institute of Health
Related URLs:
ID Code:30361
Deposited On:24 Jan 2018 15:40

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