Resting state alpha band oscillations in migraine

O'Hare, Louise and Menchinelli, Federica and Durrant, Simon J. (2018) Resting state alpha band oscillations in migraine. Perception, 47 (4). pp. 379-396. ISSN 0301-0066

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Abstract

Migraine groups show differences in motion perception compared to controls, when tested in between migraine attacks (interictally). This is thought to be due to an increased susceptibility to stimulus degradation (multiplicative internal noise). Fluctuations in alpha-band oscillations are thought to regulate visual perception, and so differences could provide a mechanism for the increased multiplicative noise seen in migraine. The aim of this paper was to characterise resting state alpha band oscillations (between 8 and 12Hz) in the visual areas of the brain in migraine and control groups. Alpha band activity in the resting state (with eyes closed) was recorded before and after a visual psychophysics task to estimate equivalent noise, specifically a contrast detection task. The lower alpha band (8-10Hz) resting-state alpha band power was increased in the migraine compared to the control group, which may provide a mechanism for increased multiplicative noise. In agreement with previous research, there were no differences found in the additive (baseline) internal noise, estimated using an equivalent noise task in the same observers. As fluctuations in alpha band oscillations control the timing of perceptual processing, increased lower alpha band (8-10Hz) power could explain the behavioural differences in migraine compared to control groups, particularly on tasks relying on temporal integration.

Keywords:lower alpha band, EEG, spectral analysis, contrast discrimination
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:30360
Deposited On:19 Feb 2018 10:04

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