Deep neural architectures for prediction in healthcare

Kollias, Dimitrios and Tagaris, Athanasios and Stafylopatis, Andreas and Kollias, Stefanos and Tagaris, Georgios (2018) Deep neural architectures for prediction in healthcare. Complex and Intelligent Systems, 4 (2). pp. 119-131. ISSN 2199-4536

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/S40747-017-0064-6

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Abstract

This paper presents a novel class of systems assisting diagnosis and personalised assessment of diseases in healthcare. The targeted systems are end-to-end deep neural architectures that are designed (trained and tested) and subsequently used as whole systems, accepting raw input data and producing the desired outputs. Such architectures are state-of-the-art in image analysis and computer vision, speech recognition and language processing. Their application in healthcare for prediction and diagnosis purposes can produce high accuracy results and can be combined with medical knowledge to improve effectiveness, adaptation and transparency of decision making. The paper focuses on neurodegenerative diseases, particularly Parkinson’s, as the development model, by creating a new database and using it for training, evaluating and validating the proposed systems. Experimental results are presented which illustrate the ability of the systems to detect and predict Parkinson’s based on medical imaging information.

Keywords:Deep Learning, Convolutional Recurrent Neural Networks, Prediction, Adaptation, Clustering, Parkinson’s, Healthcare
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G730 Neural Computing
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G760 Machine Learning
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G700 Artificial Intelligence
Divisions:College of Science > School of Computer Science
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ID Code:30087
Deposited On:02 Mar 2018 20:36

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