Epidemiology of canine parvovirus and coronavirus in dogs presented with severe diarrhoea to PDSA PetAid hospitals

Godsall, S.A. and Clegg, S.R. and Stavisky, J.H. and Radford, A.D. and Pinchbeck, G. (2010) Epidemiology of canine parvovirus and coronavirus in dogs presented with severe diarrhoea to PDSA PetAid hospitals. Veterinary Record, 167 (6). pp. 196-201. ISSN 00424900

Full content URL: https://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com/content/167/6/196

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

Canine parvovirus (CPV) and canine enteric coronavirus (CECoV) are often cited as causes of diarrhoea in dogs. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of CPV and CECoV in dogs presenting with severe diarrhoea to PDSA PetAid hospitals throughout the UK. A total of 355 samples were collected from the PDSA between 2006 and 2008. All samples were tested for CPV using a long range PCR and for CECoV using RT-PCR. The prevalence of CPV was 58 per cent (95 per cent confidence interval CI 52 to 63 per cent), with some evidence for regional variation. The prevalence of CECoV was 7.9 per cent (95 per cent CI 5.1 to 10.7 per cent). Analysis showed that animals with no history of vaccination were more likely to be CPV positive, with greatest effect in younger animals. CPV-positive animals were more likely to present with depression/lethargy than CPV-negative cases. The volume of diarrhoea and the presence of haemorrhage did not appear to be associated with the likelihood of detecting CPV. This study shows that CPV is a common finding in dogs presenting to PDSA hospitals with severe diarrhoea, and that CECoV is a less common but still potentially important pathogen. It also confirms that young and unvaccinated animals appear to be more at risk of presenting with CPV.

Additional Information:cited By 16 The final published version of this article can be accessed online at https://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com/content/167/6/196
Keywords:Animalia, Canine coronavirus, Canine parvovirus, Canis familiaris, Coronavirus, Feline panleukopenia virus
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C522 Veterinary Microbiology
D Veterinary Sciences, Agriculture and related subjects > D320 Animal Health
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:29870
Deposited On:01 Aug 2018 10:00

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