A case-control study of pathogen and lifestyle risk factors for diarrhoea in dogs

Stavisky, J. and Radford, A.D. and Gaskell, R. and Dawson, S. and German, A. and Parsons, B. and Clegg, S.R. and Newman, J. and Pinchbeck, G. (2011) A case-control study of pathogen and lifestyle risk factors for diarrhoea in dogs. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 99 (2-4). pp. 185-192. ISSN 01675877

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Abstract

Diarrhoea is a common and multi-factorial condition in dogs, the aetiology of which is often incompletely understood. A case-control study was carried out to compare the carriage of some common canine enteric pathogens (enteric coronavirus, parvovirus, distemper, endoparasites, Campylobacter and Salmonella spp.), as well as lifestyle factors such as vaccination history, diet and contact with other species, in dogs presenting at first opinion veterinary practices with and without diarrhoea. Multivariable conditional logistic regression showed that dogs in the study which scavenged or had had a recent change of diet (OR 3.5, p = 0.002), had recently stayed in kennels (OR 9.5, p = 0.01), or were fed a home-cooked diet (OR 4, p = 0.002) were at a significantly greater risk of diarrhoea, whilst being female (OR 0.4, p = 0.01), currently up to date with routine vaccinations (OR 0.4, p = 0.05) and having contact with horse faeces (OR 0.4, p = 0.06) were associated with a reduced risk. None of the pathogens tested for was a significant factor in the final multivariable model suggesting that in this predominantly vaccinated population, diarrhoea may be more associated with lifestyle risk factors than specific pathogens. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

Additional Information:cited By 25 The final published version of this article can be accessed online at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167587711000407?via%3Dihub
Keywords:animal, animal disease, animal food, animal husbandry, article, case control study, diarrhea, dog, dog disease, female, lifestyle, male, methodology, risk factor, sex difference, statistical model, vaccination, Animal Feed, Animals, Case-Control Studies, Dog Diseases, Dogs, Life Style, Logistic Models, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Vaccination, Campylobacter, Canine coronavirus, Canis familiaris, Coronavirus, Enteric coronavirus, Equidae, Parvovirus, Salmonella
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C522 Veterinary Microbiology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:29869
Deposited On:01 Aug 2018 09:56

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