Development of the MapMe intervention body image scales of known weight status for 4–5 and 10–11 year old children

Jones, A. R. and Tovee, M. J. and Cutler, L. R. and Parkinson, K. N. and Ells, L. J. and Araujo-Soares, V. and Pearce, M. N. and Mann, K. D. and Scott, D. and Harris, J. M. and Adams, A. J. (2018) Development of the MapMe intervention body image scales of known weight status for 4–5 and 10–11 year old children. Journal of Public Health . ISSN 2198-1833, 0943-1853

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdx129

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Abstract

Background
Parents tend to visually assess children to determine their weight status and typically underestimate child body size. A visual tool may aid parents to more accurately assess child weight status and so support strategies to reduce childhood overweight. Body image scales (BIS) are visual images of people ranging from underweight to overweight but none exist for children based on UK criteria. Our aim was to develop sex- and age-specific BIS for children, based on British growth reference (UK90) criteria.
Methods
BIS were developed using 3D surface body scans of children, their associated weight status using UK90 criteria from height and weight measurements, and qualitative work with parents and health professionals.
Results
Height, weight and 3D body scans were collected (211: 4–5 years; 177: 10–11 years). Overall, 12 qualitative sessions were held with 37 participants. Four BIS (4–5-year-old girls and boys, 10–11-year-old girls and boys) were developed.
Conclusions
This study has created the first sex- and age-specific BIS, based on UK90 criteria. The BIS have potential for use in child overweight prevention and management strategies, and in future research. This study also provides a protocol for the development of further BIS appropriate to other age groups and ethnicities.

Keywords:children, methods, obesity
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C841 Health Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C812 Educational Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C880 Social Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C840 Clinical Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C820 Developmental Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:29796
Deposited On:29 Nov 2017 16:20

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