Characterization and polyanion-binding properties of purified recombinant prion protein

Brimacombe, Debbie B. and Bennett, Alan D. and Wusteman, Fred S. and Gill, Andrew C. and Dann, Janine C. and Bostock, Christopher J. (1999) Characterization and polyanion-binding properties of purified recombinant prion protein. Biochemical Journal, 342 (3). p. 605. ISSN 0264-6021

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Abstract

Certain polysulphated polyanions have been shown to have prophylactic effects on the progression of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy disease, presumably because they bind to prion protein (PrP). Until now, the difficulty of obtaining large quantities of native PrP has precluded detailed studies of these interactions. We have over-expressed murine recombinant PrP (recPrP), lacking its glycophosphoinositol membrane anchor, in modified mammalian cells. Milligram quantities of secreted, soluble and partially glycosylated protein were purified under non-denaturing conditions and the identities of mature-length aglycosyl recPrP and two cleavage fragments were determined by electrospray MS. Binding was assessed by surface plasmon resonance techniques using both direct and competitive ligand-binding approaches. recPrP binding to immobilized polyanions was enhanced by divalent metal ions. Polyanion binding was strong and showed complex association and dissociation kinetics that were consistent with ligand-directed recPrP aggregation. The differences in the binding strengths of recPrP to pentosan polysulphate and to other sulphated polyanions were found to parallel their in vivo anti-scrapie and in vitro anti-scrapie-specific PrP formation potencies. When recPrP was immobilized by capture on metal-ion chelates it was found, contrary to expectation, that the addition of polyanions promoted the dissociation of the protein.

Keywords:prion, pentosan polysulphate, prophylactic, surface plasmon resonance, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, scrapie
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C760 Biomolecular Science
Divisions:College of Science
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ID Code:29579
Deposited On:16 Mar 2018 14:39

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