New indicators for measuring patient survival following ambulance service care

Coster, Jo and Jacques, Richard and Turner, Janette and Crum, Annnabel and Nicholl, Jon and Siriwardena, A. Niroshan (2017) New indicators for measuring patient survival following ambulance service care. Emergency Medicine Journal, 34 . e4-e4. ISSN 1472-0205

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2017-207114.12

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New indicators for measuring patient survival following ambulance service care

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Abstract

Background
Developing better measures of quality and performance are key priorities for ambulance services. Using multi-stage, multi-stakeholder consensus studies, we developed eight new indicators of ambulance service quality and performance. We present here a new indicator to measure rates of survival to 7 days post incident in people with a serious emergency condition.

Methods
We linked six months patient level Computer-Aided Dispatch (CAD) and electronic Patient Report Form (ePRF) data from one ambulance service with Hospital Episode Statistics (HES A and E/admitted patient data), and national mortality (ONS) information We identified a cohort of people with one of 16 serious emergency conditions, defined as conditions ‘where death could potentially be prevented by a good emergency system’. We created age and condition adjusted models to calculate two survival measures. 1) Survival to hospital admission, within 7 days of the ambulance call; 2) For patients admitted to hospital, survival to 7 days from admission.

Results
11 264 patients met the inclusion criteria. 1) 10 647 survived to admission and 617 (5.5%) died pre-admission. Most pre-admission deaths were in older people (42%>80 years) and occurred within 1 day of the ambulance call (87.8%). People with ruptured aortic aneurysm and asphyxiation were more likely to die pre-admission than those with other conditions. 2) Of the 10 647 patients admitted to hospital, 94% survived. Survival rates decreased with age: 100% of children under 11 years compared whereas 84% of those aged over 90 years survived to 7 days. People with cardiac arrest, septic shock and ruptured aortic aneurysm were also more likely to die in hospital.

Conclusions
These two indicators relate to people with a serious emergency condition who survive. Further work is being done to develop predictive models that can be used to assess trends over time. For example, survival may improve through taking the right patients to the right specialist care.

Additional Information:Poster presentation, 999 EMS Research Forum Conference, The Way Forward for Emergency Care Research: Inclusion; Collaboration; Sustainability. Bristol Science Centre, 29th March 2017.
Keywords:ambulance, EMS, Emergency Medical Services, prehospital, data linkage, survival, predictive models
Subjects:A Medicine and Dentistry > A300 Clinical Medicine
B Subjects allied to Medicine > B780 Paramedical Nursing
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Health & Social Care
ID Code:29420
Deposited On:08 Nov 2017 17:41

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