Planned segregation: the labour village as an element of the historic landscape in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Whelan, Deborah (2016) Planned segregation: the labour village as an element of the historic landscape in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. In: Heritage 2016: Proceedings of the 5th international conference on heritage and sustainable development. Greenlines Institute for Sustainable Development, pp. 369-378. ISBN 9789898734150, 9789898734143

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Abstract

KwaZulu-Natal on the eastern seaboard of Southern Africa has a rich history of agricul-tural development and innovation. Its sub-tropical climate allows for the cultivation of most crops, and its open and rolling landscapes enable the production of monocultures, particularly timber and sugarcane. Hand in hand with such crop production is the neces-sary requirement for a labour force to work in the fields and plantations. Today, much of this is mechanised, but in the past, local socio-cultural factors created a need for imported labour, and, particularly, requirements to house them. Until the malaria epidemic in 1930, most of these ‘labour villages’ were haphazard affairs: the findings of the commission into the epidemic noted the slum-like conditions that labour was living in, spurring the owners of the plantations to construct formal villages to house their labour. These were construct-ed to allow for different race groups, as well as different sectors of the labour society, al-lowing for single men, as well as married quarters. This paper will discuss the history of labour villages in general, before presenting a number of specific cases in more detail, showcasing an important part of labour history in the province.

Additional Information:Conference held 12-15 July 2016, Lisbon, Portugal
Keywords:labour village, segregated planning, hierarchies, KwaZulu-Natal
Subjects:V Historical and Philosophical studies > V147 Modern History 1950-1999
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V253 Southern African History
Divisions:College of Arts > School of Architecture & Design > School of Architecture & Design (Architecture)
ID Code:28950
Deposited On:04 Oct 2017 14:28

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