Economic analysis of the link between diet quality and health: evidence from Kosovo

Braha, Kushtrim and Cupák, Andrej and Pokrivčák, Ján and Qineti, Artan and Rizov, Marian (2017) Economic analysis of the link between diet quality and health: evidence from Kosovo. Economics and Human Biology, 27 (A). pp. 261-274. ISSN 1570-677X

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Abstract

We analyse the link between diet diversity, which is a proxy of diet quality and health outcomes
measured by body-mass index (BMI) in a representative sample of Kosovar adults using household
expenditure micro-data. Building on a household model of health production we devise a two-stage
empirical strategy to estimate the antecedents of diet diversity and its effect on BMI. Economic
factors and demographic characteristics play an important role in the choice of balanced diets.
Results from the BMI analysis support the hypothesis that diet diversity is associated with optimal
BMI. One standard deviation increase in diet diversity leads to 2.3% increase in BMI of the
underweight individuals and to 1.5% reduction in BMI of the obese individuals. The findings have
important implications for food security policies aiming at enhancing the public health in Kosovo.

Keywords:BMI, diet diversity, food security, diet quality, health, Kosovo
Subjects:L Social studies > L140 Econometrics
L Social studies > L510 Health & Welfare
L Social studies > L120 Microeconomics
L Social studies > L110 Applied Economics
Divisions:Lincoln International Business School
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ID Code:28865
Deposited On:28 Sep 2017 11:18

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