Combined array-comparative genomic hybridization and single-nucleotide polymorphism-loss of heterozygosity analysis reveals complex changes and multiple forms of chromosomal instability in colorectal cancers

Gaasenbeek, Michelle and Howarth, Kimberley and Rowan, Andrew J. and Gorman, Patricia A. and Jones, Angela and Chaplin, Tracy and Liu, Ying and Bicknell, David and Davison, Eleanor J. and Fiegler, Heike and Carter, Nigel P. and Roylance, Rebecca R. and Tomlinson, Ian P. M. (2006) Combined array-comparative genomic hybridization and single-nucleotide polymorphism-loss of heterozygosity analysis reveals complex changes and multiple forms of chromosomal instability in colorectal cancers. Cancer Research, 66 (7). pp. 3471-3479. ISSN 0008-5472

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-05-3285

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Abstract

Cancers with chromosomal instability (CIN) are held to be aneuploid/polyploid with multiple large-scale gains/deletions, but the processes underlying CIN are unclear and different types of CIN might exist. We investigated colorectal cancer cell lines using array-comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) for copy number changes and single-copy number polymorphism (SNP) microarrays for allelic loss (LOH). Many array-based CGH changes were not found by LOH because they did not cause true reduction-to-homozygosity. Conversely, many regions of SNP-LOH occurred in the absence of copy number change, comprising an average per cell line of 2 chromosomes with complete LOH; 1-2 terminal regions of LOH (mitotic recombination); and 1 interstitial region of LOH. SNP-LOH detected many novel changes, representing possible locations of uncharacterized tumor suppressor loci. Microsatellite unstable (MSI+) lines infrequently showed gains/deletions or whole-chromosome LOH, but their near-diploid karyotypes concealed mitotic recombination frequencies similar to those of MSI- lines. We analyzed p53 and chromosome 18q (SMAD4) in detail, including mutation screening. Almost all MSI- lines showed LOH and/or deletion of p53 and 18q; some near-triploid lines had acquired three independent changes at these loci. We found consistent results in primary colorectal cancers. Overall, the distributions of mitotic recombination and whole-chromosome LOH in the MSI- cell lines differed significantly from random, with some lines having much higher than expected levels of these changes. Moreover, lines with more LOH changes had significantly fewer copy number changes. These data suggest that CIN is not synonymous with copy number change and some cancers have a specific tendency to whole-chromosome deletion and regain or to mitotic recombination.

Keywords:Colorectal Cancer, Array CGH
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C420 Human Genetics
C Biological Sciences > C440 Molecular Genetics
C Biological Sciences > C431 Medical Genetics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
ID Code:28812
Deposited On:04 Oct 2017 09:41

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