Sex ratio and spatial distribution of male and female Antennaria dioica (Asteraceae) plants

Varga, Sandra and Kytöviita, Minna-Maarit (2011) Sex ratio and spatial distribution of male and female Antennaria dioica (Asteraceae) plants. Acta Oecologica, 37 (5). pp. 433-440. ISSN 1146-609X

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Abstract

Sex ratio, sex spatial distribution and sexual dimorphism in reproduction and arbuscular mycorrhizal colonisation were investigated in the dioecious clonal plant Antennaria dioica (Asteraceae). Plants were monitored for five consecutive years in six study plots in Oulanka, northern Finland. Sex ratio, spatial distribution of sexes, flowering frequency, number of floral shoots and the number and weight of inflorescences were recorded. In addition, intensity of mycorrhizal fungi in the roots was assessed. Both sexes flowered each year with a similar frequency, but the overall genet sex ratio was strongly female-biased. The bivariate Ripley’s analysis of the sex distribution showed that within most plots sexes were randomly distributed except for one plot. Sexual dimorphism was expressed as larger floral and inflorescence production and heavier inflorescences in males. In addition, the roots of both sexes were colonised to a similar extent by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. The female sex-biased flowering ratios reported are not consistent among years and cannot be explained in terms of spatial segregation of the sexes or sex lability. The possible reasons for the female-biased sex ratio are discussed.

Keywords:Sexual spatial patterns, Dioecy, Sex ratio, Ripley’s analysis, Sexual dimorphism
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C750 Plant Biochemistry
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
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ID Code:28706
Deposited On:08 Sep 2017 10:57

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