Nutritional status and the influence of TV consumption on female body size ideals in populations recently exposed to the media.

Jucker, Jean-Luc and Thornborrow, Tracey and Beierholm, Ulrik and Burt, D. Michael and Barton, Robert A. and Evans, Elizabeth H. and Jamieson, Mark A. and Tovee, Martin J. and Boothroyd, Lynda G. (2017) Nutritional status and the influence of TV consumption on female body size ideals in populations recently exposed to the media. Scientific Reports . ISSN 2045-2322

Full content URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-08653-z

Documents
Jucker-et-al-2017.pdf
[img]
[Download]
[img]
Preview
PDF
Jucker-et-al-2017.pdf - Whole Document
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

1MB
Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

Television consumption infuences perceptions of attractive female body size. However, cross-cultural research examining media infuence on body ideals is typically confounded by diferences in the availability of reliable and diverse foodstufs. 112 participants were recruited from 3 Nicaraguan villages that difered in television consumption and nutritional status, such that the contribution of both factors could be revealed. Participants completed a female fgure preference task, reported their television consumption, and responded to several measures assessing nutritional status. Communities with higher television consumption and/or higher nutritional status preferred thinner female bodies than communities with lower television consumption and/or lower nutritional status. Bayesian mixed models estimated the plausible range of efects for television consumption, nutritional status, and other relevant variables on individual preferences. The model explained all meaningful diferences between our low-nutrition villages, and television consumption, after sex, was the most likely of these predictors to contribute to variation in preferences (probability mass >95% when modelling only variables with zero-order associations with preferences, but only 90% when modelling all possible predictors). In contrast, we found no likely link with nutritional status. We thus found evidence that where media access and nutritional status are confounded, media is the more likely predictor of body ideals.

Keywords:attraction, body size ideals, Nicaragua, nutrition, television
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C850 Cognitive Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C830 Experimental Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C841 Health Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C880 Social Psychology
C Biological Sciences > C840 Clinical Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:28424
Deposited On:18 Aug 2017 10:06

Repository Staff Only: item control page