Regulation of endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase gene expression in endothelial cells and in vivo - A specific vascular action of insulin

Kuboki, K. and Jiang, Z.Y. and Takahara, N. and Ha, S.W. and Igarashi, M. and Yamauchi, T. and Feener, E.P. and Herbert, Terence and Rhodes, C.J. and King, G.L. (2000) Regulation of endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase gene expression in endothelial cells and in vivo - A specific vascular action of insulin. Circulation, 101 (6). pp. 676-681. ISSN 0009-7322

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The vasodilatory effect of insulin can be acute or increase with time from 1 to 7 hours, suggesting that insulin may enhance the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in endothelial cells. The objective of the present study was to characterize the extent and signaling pathways by which insulin regulates the expression of eNOS in endothelial cells and vascular tissues.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Physiological concentrations of insulin (10(-10) to 10(-7) mmol/L) increased the levels of eNOS mRNA, protein, and activity by 2-fold after 2 to 8 hours of incubation in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells. Insulin enhanced eNOS gene expression in microvessels isolated from Zucker lean rats but not from insulin-resistant Zucker fatty rats. Inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI-3 kinase) decreased the effect of insulin on eNOS gene expression, but a general protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, GF109203X or PKCbeta isoform inhibitor, LY333531 enhanced eNOS expression. In contrast, PKC activators inhibited both the activation by insulin of PI-3 kinase and eNOS mRNA levels. Overexpression of PKCbeta isoform in endothelial cells inhibited the stimulation by insulin of eNOS expression and PI-3 kinase activities in parallel.
CONCLUSIONS: Insulin can regulate the expression of eNOS gene, mediated by the activation of PI-3 kinase, in endothelial cells and microvessels. Thus, insulin may chronically modulate vascular tone. The activation of PKC in the vascular tissues as in insulin resistance and diabetes may inhibit PI-3 kinase activity and eNOS expression and may lead to endothelial dysfunctions in these pathological states.

Additional Information:cited By 469 The final published version of this article can be accessed online at https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019807256
Keywords:endothelial, insulin
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B200 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy
Divisions:College of Science > School of Pharmacy
ID Code:28239
Deposited On:13 Sep 2018 13:41

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