The effects of a reformer Pilates program on body composition and morphological characteristics in active women after a detraining period

Vaquero-Cristóbal, Raquel and Alacid, Fernando and Esparza-Ros, Francisco and López-Plaza, Daniel and Muyor, José M. and López-Miñarro, Pedro A. (2016) The effects of a reformer Pilates program on body composition and morphological characteristics in active women after a detraining period. Women and Health, 56 (7). pp. 784-806. ISSN 0363-0242

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Abstract

The aim of this quasi-experimental pilot study was to explore the effects of a reformer Pilates program on the anthropometry, body composition, and somatotype of active adult women after a short non-exercise period. Twenty-eight women (mean age: 40.21 ± standard deviation of 8.12 years old) with one to three years of reformer Pilates experience participated in the study. The women participated in a reformer Pilates program for 16 weeks (one hour, twice per week) after 4 weeks of detraining (summer holidays) in 2012. The International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry full profile was assessed before and after the intervention program. Significant decreases (p ≤ 0.05) from pre- to post-program were observed for triceps, iliac crest, supraspinale, abdominal, front thigh and medial calf skinfold thicknesses, six and eight skinfold thickness sums, forearm and ankle girths, waist/hip ratio, endomorphy, and fat mass. Significant increases (p ≤ .05) were observed for corrected arm, corrected calf girths, and muscle mass. Generally, women showed a mesomorphic endomorph (endomorphy predominant) and mesomorph–endomorph (endomorphy and mesomorphy predominant) in the pre- and posttests, respectively. In conclusion, the practice of reformer Pilates was associated with healthy changes in anthropometric parameters, body composition, and somatotype in Pilates-experienced women after 4 weeks of no physical exercise.

Keywords:Body mass index, physical activity, Pilates method, quality of life, weight, women
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C600 Sports Science
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Sport and Exercise Science
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ID Code:27933
Deposited On:30 Nov 2017 14:32

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