Hippocampus, microcircuits and associative memory

Cutsuridis, Vassilis and Wennekers, Thomas (2009) Hippocampus, microcircuits and associative memory. Neural Networks, 22 (8). pp. 1120-1128. ISSN 0893-6080

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neunet.2009.07.009

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Abstract

The hippocampus is one of the most widely studied brain region. One of its functional roles is the storage and recall of declarative memories. Recent hippocampus research has yielded a wealth of data on network architecture, cell types, the anatomy and membrane properties of pyramidal cells and interneurons, and synaptic plasticity. Understanding the functional roles of different families of hippocampal neurons in information processing, synaptic plasticity and network oscillations poses a great challenge but also promises deep insight into one of the major brain systems. Computational and mathematical models play an instrumental role in exploring such functions. In this paper, we provide an overview of abstract and biophysical models of associative memory with particular emphasis on the operations performed by the diverse (inter)neurons in encoding and retrieval of memories in the hippocampus.

Keywords:Hippocampus, Microcircuit, associative memory, Hebb, STDP, Interneurons, Rhythms
Subjects:B Subjects allied to Medicine > B140 Neuroscience
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G730 Neural Computing
Divisions:College of Science > School of Computer Science
ID Code:27639
Deposited On:21 Jun 2017 15:04

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