Predicting school achievement rather than intelligence: does metacognition matter?

Gomes, Cristiano Mauro Assis and Golino, Hudson F. and Menezes, Igor Gomes (2014) Predicting school achievement rather than intelligence: does metacognition matter? Psychology, 05 (09). pp. 1095-1110. ISSN 2152-7180

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/psych.2014.59122

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Abstract

This paper investigates the role of specific and general metacognitive ability on specific and general
academic achievement, controlling for the effects of intelligence. Four hypotheses were elaborated
and empirically tested through structural equation modelling. The sample was composed by
684 students (6th to 12th graders) from a private Brazilian school, which answered to three intelligence
tests and three metacognitive tests. The modeled hypotheses presented a good data-fit (χ²
= 51.18; df = 19; CFI = 1.00; RMSEA = 0.05), showing that the general metacognitive ability explained
general academic achievement rather than intelligence, but did not explain specific academic
achievement. On the other hand, specific metacognitive ability explained specific academic
achievement rather than intelligence, but did not explain general academic achievement. The predictive
power of the general metacognitive ability was greater than fluid intelligence in the explanation
of general academic achievement. In the same line, specific metacognitive ability had a
greater predictive power than intelligence and specific knowledge in the explanation of specific
academic achievement. Finally, a new structural model of metacognition and its role in academic
achievement are proposed.

Keywords:Metacognition, Intelligence, Academic Achievement, NotOAChecked
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C870 Psychometrics
X Education > X300 Academic studies in Education
Divisions:Lincoln International Business School
ID Code:27444
Deposited On:15 May 2017 09:21

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