Counter hegemony, newspapers and the origins of anti-colonialism in French India

Chapman, Jane (2011) Counter hegemony, newspapers and the origins of anti-colonialism in French India. International Journal of Social Economics, 38 (2). pp. 128-139. ISSN 0306-8293

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/03068291111092007

Abstract

Purpose: to reveal the contribution of counter-hegemonic communications towards the origins of anti-colonialism in French India during the years 1935-7 and thereby to illuminate the relationship between press, economics and ideology in a colonial context.
Design/methodology: qualitative study of local archives in Tamil and French, including indigenous print communications such as the workers’ paper Swandanthiram. These are used as a prism for analysis of the development of a workers’ public voice during major textile strikes, and assessed in the light of John Downing’s definitions of advocacy journalism (1984, 2001).
Findings: Communications were directly connected to disempowerment and lack of civil, political and economic rights. The formation of legal worker organisations for the first time and a new political party provided the context in which activist leaders adopted a twofold vertical and lateral strategy in their publications, to promote their formative anti-colonial ideas.
Research limitations/implications: This research illuminates the relationship between press, economics and ideology in a colonial context, demonstrating the importance of economic factors in rise of nationalist movements and the way press usage is connected to basic civil, political and economic rights.
Originality/value
The paper traces a forgotten episode in the history of a neglected corner of French empire, significant for the emergence of the indigenous population -including peasant women - for the first time from the private to the public sphere as an organised force- a factor that has previously been ignored by historians.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:French India, Pondicherry, counter hegemony, advocacy journalism, textile strikes, nationalist movement, jc2010, women, France, textile industry, protest, civil rights, newspapers, VS Subbiah, Tamil, censorship, Swandanthiram, anti-colonialism, 1935-1937, ideology, economics, press, disempowerment, French empire, French colonies, public sphere, Pondicherry Shooting Day, Popular Front, l’Humanite´, comptoirs, subaltern, Franco-India Party, Jawaharlal Nehru, Krishna Menon, Congress Party, liberte´, egalite´ and fraternite
Subjects:P Mass Communications and Documentation > P290 Publicity studies not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V271 International History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P990 Mass Communications and Documentation not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V243 South East Asian History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P510 Factual Reporting
R European Languages, Literature and related subjects > R120 French Literature
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V147 Modern History 1950-1999
L Social studies > L321 Women's Studies
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P590 Journalism not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V320 Social History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V390 History by Topic not elsewhere classified
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V310 Economic History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P400 Publishing
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P300 Media studies
R European Languages, Literature and related subjects > R130 French Society and Culture
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V240 Asian History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V242 Indian History
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V146 Modern History 1920-1949
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P100 Information Services
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V900 Others in Historical and Philosophical studies
L Social studies > L222 Democracy
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V140 Modern History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P490 Publishing not elsewhere classified
L Social studies > L210 Political Theories
R European Languages, Literature and related subjects > R100 French studies
V Historical and Philosophical studies > V221 French History
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P900 Others in Mass Communications and Documentation
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P305 Paper-based Media studies
R European Languages, Literature and related subjects > R190 French studies not elsewhere classified
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P390 Media studies not elsewhere classified
P Mass Communications and Documentation > P500 Journalism
Divisions:College of Arts > Lincoln School of Journalism
ID Code:2737
Deposited By: Jane Chapman
Deposited On:30 Jun 2010 13:54
Last Modified:04 Dec 2013 20:54

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