A steady-state model for predicting hygrothermal conditions in beds in relation to house dust mite requirements

Pretlove, Stephen and Oreszczyn, Tadj and Ridley, Ian and Wilkinson, Toby and Crowther, David (2005) A steady-state model for predicting hygrothermal conditions in beds in relation to house dust mite requirements. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology, 26 (4). pp. 301-314. ISSN 0143-6244

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Abstract

This paper describes the development, testing and validation of a simple steady- state hygrothermal bed model (BED) which predicts conditions of temperature and relative humidity within the bed core (the occupied space between mattress and covering), given the temperature and relative humidity of the bedroom. BED is the second of three simple steady-state models that in combination allow the impact of modifying bedroom hygrothermal conditions on dust mite populations to be assessed. The first of the trio is Condensation Targeter II, an existing validated model that predicts average monthly conditions of temperature and relative humidity within the bedroom. These conditions are then used as boundary conditions for the BED model which predicts hygrothermal conditions within the bed core. Finally, these outputs are in turn used as inputs to a simple Mite Population Index (MPI) model (to be described elsewhere) that predicts their likely effect on house dust mite population growth in the bed. As reported here, BED has been validated using monitored bedroom and bed data for a full year in three dwellings and the results show that the steady state model predicts monthly bed hygrothermal conditions with a reasonable degree of accuracy. Using Condensation Targeter II and BED in combination, a sensitivity study has been carried out to assess the impact of changes in input parameters of both models on hygrothermal conditions in the bed core. This highlights the importance that the design of the fabric and services of the building has on the hygrothermal conditions in a bed. The impact of climate change has also been assessed using future climate change scenarios.
Practical application: This paper describes in detail a simple steady-state model, (BED) which is used to predict the monthly average temperature and relative humidity within a bed, given the ambient conditions within the bedroon. The input parameters, output parameters and the model formulae are provided so that the model can be easily implemented. BED is the second of three simple models that are used to predict, first the bedroon conditions (Condensation Targeter II), second the bed conditions (BED) and finally the likely effect on house dust mite population growth using a simple Mite Population Index (MPI). The Condensation Targeter II and MPI models are described in detail elsewhere. The suite of models allows the testing of the impact of dwelling design and occupant use on likely mite population growth and therefore the health risks of the occupants. It also allows the impact of climate change to be analysed.

Keywords:Hygrothermal modelling, House Dust Mites, Population modelling
Subjects:K Architecture, Building and Planning > K210 Building Technology
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G140 Numerical Analysis
K Architecture, Building and Planning > K130 Architectural Technology
C Biological Sciences > C340 Entomology
G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G130 Mathematical Methods
Divisions:College of Arts > School of Architecture & Design > School of Architecture & Design (Architecture)
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ID Code:26771
Deposited On:06 Apr 2017 11:24

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