Empowered skills

Gabriel, A. and Akrour, R. and Peters, J. and Neumann, G. (2017) Empowered skills. In: International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), 29 May - 3 June 2017, Sands Expo and Convention Centre, Marina Bay Sands in Singapore.

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Item Type:Conference or Workshop contribution (Paper)
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Abstract

Robot Reinforcement Learning (RL) algorithms
return a policy that maximizes a global cumulative reward
signal but typically do not create diverse behaviors. Hence, the
policy will typically only capture a single solution of a task.
However, many motor tasks have a large variety of solutions
and the knowledge about these solutions can have several
advantages. For example, in an adversarial setting such as
robot table tennis, the lack of diversity renders the behavior
predictable and hence easy to counter for the opponent. In an
interactive setting such as learning from human feedback, an
emphasis on diversity gives the human more opportunity for
guiding the robot and to avoid the latter to be stuck in local
optima of the task. In order to increase diversity of the learned
behaviors, we leverage prior work on intrinsic motivation and
empowerment. We derive a new intrinsic motivation signal by
enriching the description of a task with an outcome space,
representing interesting aspects of a sensorimotor stream. For
example, in table tennis, the outcome space could be given
by the return position and return ball speed. The intrinsic
motivation is now given by the diversity of future outcomes,
a concept also known as empowerment. We derive a new
policy search algorithm that maximizes a trade-off between
the extrinsic reward and this intrinsic motivation criterion.
Experiments on a planar reaching task and simulated robot
table tennis demonstrate that our algorithm can learn a diverse
set of behaviors within the area of interest of the tasks.

Keywords:Robotics, Empowerment, Motor Skill Learning
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G760 Machine Learning
H Engineering > H671 Robotics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Computer Science
ID Code:26736
Deposited On:31 Mar 2017 12:26

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