Automatic grade classification of Barretts Esophagus through feature enhancement

Ghatwary, Noha and Ahmed, Amr and Ye, Xujiong and Jalab, Hamid (2017) Automatic grade classification of Barretts Esophagus through feature enhancement. In: SPIE Medical Imaging, 11 - 16 Feb 2017, Orlando, USA.

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Abstract

Barretts Esophagus (BE) is a precancerous condition that affects the esophagus tube and has the risk of develop- ing esophageal adenocarcinoma. BE is the process of developing metaplastic intestinal epithelium and replacing the normal cells in the esophageal area. The detection of BE is considered difficult due to its appearance and properties. The diagnosis is usually done through both endoscopy and biopsy. Recently, Computer Aided Diag- nosis systems have been developed to support physicians opinion when facing difficulty in detection/classification in different types of diseases. In this paper, an automatic classification of Barretts Esophagus condition is intro- duced. The presented method enhances the internal features of a Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy (CLE) image by utilizing a proposed enhancement filter. This filter depends on fractional differentiation and integration that improve the features in the discrete wavelet transform of an image. Later on, various features are extracted from each enhanced image on different levels for the multi-classification process. Our approach is validated on a dataset that consists of a group of 32 patients with 262 images with different histology grades. The experimental results demonstrated the efficiency of the proposed technique. Our method helps clinicians for more accurate classification. This potentially helps to reduce the need for biopsies needed for diagnosis, facilitate the regular monitoring of treatment/development of the patients case and can help train doctors with the new endoscopy technology. The accurate automatic classification is particularly important for the Intestinal Metaplasia (IM) type, which could turn into deadly cancerous. Hence, this work contributes to automatic classification that facilitates early intervention/treatment and decreasing biopsy samples needed.

Keywords:Barretts Esophagus, Fractional Differentiation, Fractional Integration, Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G400 Computer Science
Divisions:College of Science > School of Computer Science
ID Code:26624
Deposited On:06 Mar 2017 15:47

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