Choosing a method to reduce selection bias: a tool for researchers

Keeble, C. and Law, G. R. and Barber, S. and Baxter, P. D. (2015) Choosing a method to reduce selection bias: a tool for researchers. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 5 (3). 155 - 162. ISSN 2165-7459

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.4236/ojepi.2015.53020

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Abstract

Selection bias is well known to affect surveys and epidemiological studies. There have been numerous methods proposed to reduce its effects, so many that researchers may be unclear which method is most suitable for their study; the wide choice may even deter some researchers, for fear of choosing a sub-optimal approach. We propose a straightforward tool to inform researchers of the most promising methods available to reduce selection bias and to assist the search for an appropriate method given their study design and details. We demonstrate the tool using three exam- ples where selection bias may occur; the tool quickly eliminates inappropriate methods and guides the researcher towards those to consider implementing. If more studies con- sider selection bias and adopt methods to reduce it, valuable time and resources will be saved, and should lead to more focused research towards disease prevention or cure.

Additional Information:© 2015 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords:Selection Bias, Participation Bias, Non-Response, Methodology, JCOpen
Subjects:G Mathematical and Computer Sciences > G311 Medical Statistics
Divisions:College of Social Science > Lincoln Institute of Health
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ID Code:26608
Deposited On:19 May 2017 11:18

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