Recent changes in Icelandic climate

Hanna, Edward and Jonsson, Trausti and Box, Jason E. (2006) Recent changes in Icelandic climate. Weather, 61 (1). pp. 3-9. ISSN 0043-1656

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

Iceland, located in a climatically critical part
of the North Atlantic (Fig. 1), is an island
where earth, air, fire and ice literally meet,
while its environs are a key region of
ocean–atmosphere interaction, atmos-
pheric dynamics and mid-latitude cyclone
formation. As such, Icelandic climate is
sensitive to changes in storm tracks and
positions. Moreover, the north-west coast of
Iceland is situated only about 400 km from
Greenland, so Iceland can be climatically
influenced by this huge land/ice mass near-
by, although it is more often affected by
relatively mild Atlantic Ocean currents. Sea-
ice in the Greenland Sea sometimes extends
south to the north Icelandic coast in winter,
lowering regional temperatures (Ogilvie et
al. 2000). Iceland has large temperate
glaciers and ice caps, which are potentially
sensitive to changes in climate. It is some-
what surprising that Icelandic climate
records have been little presented in the
English science literature in recent years,
given the prominent geographical position
and relevance of Iceland to present-day
climatic change issues. Here we comment
on some aspects of long-running (at least a
century) temperature and precipitation
records from Iceland. We also analyse and
discuss the data in the context of recent
(sub) Arctic and global climatic change.

Keywords:Iceland, climate
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F861 Meteorology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
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ID Code:26171
Deposited On:03 Feb 2017 18:17

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