Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis

Mernild, S. H. and Hanna, E. and Yde, J. C. and Cappelen, J. and Malmros, J. K. (2014) Coastal Greenland air temperature extremes and trends 1890-2010: annual and monthly analysis. International Journal of Climatology, 34 (5). pp. 1472-1487. ISSN 0899-8418

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

We use observed air temperature data series from 14 meteorological stations in coastal Greenland (located all around the Greenland Ice Sheet) for 1960-2010, where long-term records for five of the stations extend back to 1890, to illustrate the annual and monthly temporal and spatial distribution of temperature extremes, with the main focus on the latest decade 2001-2010 (2000s). We find that the 2000s had the highest number of mean annual air temperature (MAAT) warm extremes, and the 1890s the highest number of cold extremes, and that a high (low) positive North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) Index equals a high number of cold (warm) extreme events. For the 2000s the number of warm extremes was significantly higher by around 50 than the number in the 1940s (the early twentieth century warm period): the latter being the decade with the second highest occurrence of MAAT warm extremes. Since 1960, based on MAAT the number of cold extremes has overall decreased on the decadal timescale, besides a peak in 1980s, while warm extremes have increased, leading to a higher occurrence of extremes (cold plus warm extremes): an almost similar pattern occurred for monthly mean temperatures and monthly mean daily maximum and minimum temperature datasets. Furthermore, a division of Greenland into east and west sectors shows that the occurrence of cold (warm) extremes was more pronounced in the East than in the West in the 1960s and 1970s (mid-1980s to the 2000s). © 2013 Royal Meteorological Society.

Keywords:Atmospheric pressure, Annual and monthly values, Extreme temperatures, Greenland, Maximum and minimum temperatures, Mean annual air temperatures, Minimum temperatures, North Atlantic oscillations, Temporal and spatial distribution, Atmospheric temperature, air temperature, climate change, extreme event, spatial distribution, temporal distribution, trend analysis, Arctic, NotOAChecked
Subjects:F Physical Sciences > F331 Atmospheric Physics
Divisions:College of Science > School of Geography
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ID Code:26008
Deposited On:21 Feb 2017 17:10

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