Further examining the relationship between mental toughness and dispositional flow in sport: a mediation analysis

Jackman, Patricia and Crust, Lee and Swann, Christian (2017) Further examining the relationship between mental toughness and dispositional flow in sport: a mediation analysis. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 48 (3). pp. 356-374. ISSN 0047-0767

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Abstract

The purpose of the study was to further examine the relationship between mental toughness (MT) and dispositional flow in sport. A sample of 256 athletes (M age = 23.65 years, SD = 5.43), competing at international (n = 59), national (n = 77), and club/university (n = 120) levels completed questionnaires assessing MT and dispositional flow. A significant and positive correlation was found between MT and dispositional flow (r = 0.50, p < 0.001). Mediation analysis revealed that MT had a significant direct effect on the flow dimensions of challenge-skills balance, clear goals, unambiguous feedback, sense of control and concentration on the task at hand, and significant indirect effects on concentration on the task at hand, sense of control, loss of self-consciousness, action-awareness merging and autotelic experience. Findings suggest that MT has direct and indirect effects on the characteristics of flow, offering new insights regarding optimal human functioning.

Keywords:athlete, autotelic personality, confidence, commitment, mediation analysis
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C600 Sports Science
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Sport and Exercise Science
ID Code:25918
Deposited On:27 Jan 2017 09:26

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