Dominance relationships among male hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas)

Romero, Teresa and Castellanos, Miguel A. (2010) Dominance relationships among male hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas). Journal of Ethology, 28 (1). pp. 113-121. ISSN 0289-0771

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

The concept of dominance has been shown to be useful in describing and predicting social interactions in
group-living animals. However, the dominance relationships among adult hamadryas males (Papio hamadryas) are poorly understood, and systematic data are missing from the literature. This study investigated dominance relationships among male hamadryas baboons by applying novel statistical techniques to systematic detailed data on agonistic interactions. We also analyzed the dominance relationship with male age and evaluated the association between dominance and access to mating partners (i.e. the number of adult females per one-male unit (OMU)), food resources (i.e. monopolization of feeding areas), and greeting interactions. The derived dominance indexes showed that, in general, leader males were dominant over followers, and that dominance ability did not correlate with male age. Individual dominance values were very close to each other, suggesting that dominance relationships among hamadryas males were not very rigid. In addition, dominance values were positively correlated with number of adult females per OMU but not with feeding priority. Finally, greeting interactions occurred more frequently between individuals with similar dominance values and with low levels of dominance decidedness. We suggest the need of further studies, especially in wild populations, to confirm our findings.

Keywords:Papio hamadryas, baboons, social dominance, male social relationships
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C120 Behavioural Biology
Divisions:College of Science > School of Life Sciences
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ID Code:25912
Deposited On:02 Feb 2017 21:13

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