Retrogression in the legal protection of the right to academic freedom in Europe

Beiter, Klaus D. and Karran, Terence and Appiagyei.Atua, Kwadwo (2016) Retrogression in the legal protection of the right to academic freedom in Europe. New Zealand Journal Of Research on Europe, 10 (1). pp. 1-60. ISSN 1177-8229

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Abstract

This article assesses to what extent the right to academic freedom as construed in terms of international human rights law, specifically UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Status of Higher-Education Teaching Personnel of 1997, is protected in the law of the 28Member States of the European Union. It determines the elements of this right, to then operationalise these by way of indicators accorded numeric values in order to assess state compliance and rank states in terms of their performance. The article shows that there is retrogression in Europe insofar as the legal protection of the right to academic freedom is concerned. Institutional autonomy is being misconstrued, academic self-governance denied and job security eroded. These developments appear to be the result of deliberate policy decisions by EU Member States seeking to make higher education “the arm of national economic policy,” so as to ensure higher education will contribute to national GDP.

Keywords:UNESCO, Academic Freedom, EU, NotOAChecked
Subjects:X Education > X342 Academic studies in Higher Education
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Education
ID Code:25893
Deposited On:09 Mar 2017 16:48

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