Directions from shape: how spatial features determine reference axis categorization

van der Zee, Emile and Eshius, Rik (2003) Directions from shape: how spatial features determine reference axis categorization. In: Representing direction in language and space. Explorations in language and space (1). Oxford University Press, pp. 209-225. ISBN 9780199260195

Documents
Directions_from_Shape.pdf
[img]
[Download]
Request a copy
[img] PDF
Directions_from_Shape.pdf - Whole Document
Restricted to Repository staff only

73Kb

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260195...

Abstract

This paper presents three experiments on Dutch directional nouns, like voorkant ‘front’, and prepositions, like voor ‘in front of’. The first two experiments focus on the intrinsic meaning of these terms in relation to the horizontal plane. The experiments show that the following spatial features of a reference object determine reference axis categorization: (a) axis length, (b) contour expansion, and (c) curvature of the main plane of symmetry. On the basis of the first two experiments, as well as insights by Clark (1973), Tversky (1996) and Landau and Jackendoff (1993), the Spatial Feature Categorization
(SFC) model is formulated. This model generates predictions on reference axis categorization derived from the spatial
features of a reference object for the purpose of intrinsic directional reference in both the horizontal and the vertical plane. A third experiment tests predictions by the SFC model in relation to Dutch directional nouns by using a new set of reference objects, a new experimental task, and by considering both the horizontal and the vertical plane. This experiment supports predictions by the SFC model. It is argued that a system of categorized reference axes is necessary to represent local direction for the purpose of intrinsic directional reference. The categorization of the axes in such a system can be explained on the basis of the spatial features of a reference object.

Item Type:Book Section
Additional Information:This paper presents three experiments on Dutch directional nouns, like voorkant ‘front’, and prepositions, like voor ‘in front of’. The first two experiments focus on the intrinsic meaning of these terms in relation to the horizontal plane. The experiments show that the following spatial features of a reference object determine reference axis categorization: (a) axis length, (b) contour expansion, and (c) curvature of the main plane of symmetry. On the basis of the first two experiments, as well as insights by Clark (1973), Tversky (1996) and Landau and Jackendoff (1993), the Spatial Feature Categorization (SFC) model is formulated. This model generates predictions on reference axis categorization derived from the spatial features of a reference object for the purpose of intrinsic directional reference in both the horizontal and the vertical plane. A third experiment tests predictions by the SFC model in relation to Dutch directional nouns by using a new set of reference objects, a new experimental task, and by considering both the horizontal and the vertical plane. This experiment supports predictions by the SFC model. It is argued that a system of categorized reference axes is necessary to represent local direction for the purpose of intrinsic directional reference. The categorization of the axes in such a system can be explained on the basis of the spatial features of a reference object.
Keywords:direction, language, spacial entity, information processing systems, space, representation, semantics, cognition
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C800 Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:2565
Deposited By: Rosaline Smith
Deposited On:24 May 2010 15:54
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 08:38

Repository Staff Only: item control page