Future time perspective and promotion focus as determinants of intraindividual change in work motivation

Kooij, D. T. A. M. and Bal, P. Matthijs and Kanfer, R. (2014) Future time perspective and promotion focus as determinants of intraindividual change in work motivation. Psychology and Aging, 29 (2). pp. 319-328. ISSN 0882-7974

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Abstract

In the near future, workforces will increasingly consist of older workers. At the same time, research has demonstrated that work-related growth motives decrease with age. Although this finding is consistent with life span theories, such as the selection optimization and compensation (SOC) model, we know relatively little about the process variables that bring about this change in work motivation. Therefore, we use a 4-wave study design to examine the mediating role of future time perspective and promotion focus in the negative association between age and work-related growth motives. Consistent with the SOC model, we found that future time perspective was negatively associated with age, which, in turn, was associated with lower promotion focus, lower work-related growth motive strength, and lower motivation to continue working. These findings have important theoretical implications for the literature on aging and work motivation, and practical implications for how to motivate older workers.

Keywords:Future time perspective, Older workers, work motivation, ageing, growth work motives, motivation to continue working, promotion focus, JCNotOpen
Subjects:N Business and Administrative studies > N200 Management studies
Divisions:Lincoln International Business School
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ID Code:24775
Deposited On:11 Nov 2016 10:47

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