From flexibility human resource management to employee engagement and perceived job performance across the lifespan: a multisample study

Bal, P. Matthijs and Lange, Annet H. De (2015) From flexibility human resource management to employee engagement and perceived job performance across the lifespan: a multisample study. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 88 (1). pp. 126-154. ISSN 0963-1798

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Abstract

This study investigated the effects of flexibility human resource management (HRM) on employee outcomes over time, as well as the role of age in these relations. Based on work adjustment theory and AMO theory, it was predicted that availability and use of flexibility HRM would be positively related to employee engagement, as well as higher job performance.Moreover,we postulated different hypotheses regarding the role of employee age.While generation theory predicts that younger generations would reactmore strongly to flexibility HRM in relation to engagement, selection, optimization, and compensation theory of ageing predicts that older workers respond more strongly in relation to job performance.A longitudinal study amongUS employees and a study among employees in 11 countries across the world showed that engagement mediated the relationships between availability of flexibility HRM and job performance. Moreover, we found partial support for the moderating role of age in the relations of flexibility HRM with the outcomes: Flexibility HRMwas important for youngerworkers to enhance engagement,while for olderworkers, it enhanced their job performance. The study shows that the effectiveness of flexibilityHRM depends upon employee age and the type of outcome involved, and consequently, theory on flexibility at work should take the age of employees into account.

Keywords:Aging, Flexibility HRM, Engagement, Older workers, Younger Generations, NotOAChecked
Subjects:N Business and Administrative studies > N200 Management studies
Divisions:Lincoln International Business School
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ID Code:24764
Deposited On:25 Oct 2016 08:32

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