Gould, C and Bingham, Chris and Stone, D A and Bentley, P (2008) Novel battery model of an all-electric personal rapid transit vehicle to determine state-of-health through subspace parameter estimation and a Kalman Estimator. In: Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion, 2008. SPEEDAM 2008. International Symposium on , 11-13 June 2008, Ischia, Italy.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Presentation)|
gould_1.pdf - Whole Document
|Divisions:||College of Science > School of Engineering|
|Abstract:||Abstract--The paper describes a real-time adaptive battery model for use in an all-electric Personal Rapid Transit vehicle. Whilst traditionally, circuit-based models for lead-acid batteries centre on the well-known Randles’ model, here the Randles’ model is mapped to an equivalent circuit, demonstrating improved modelling capabilities and more accurate estimates of circuit parameters when used in Subspace parameter estimation techniques. Combined with Kalman Estimator algorithms, these techniques are demonstrated to correctly identify and converge on voltages associated with the battery State-of-Charge, overcoming problems such as SoC drift (incurred by coulomb-counting methods due to over-charging or ambient temperature fluctuations). Online monitoring of the degradation of these estimated parameters allows battery ageing (State-of-Health) to be assessed and, in safety-critical systems, cell failure may be predicted in time to avoid inconvenience to passenger networks. Due to the adaptive nature of the proposed methodology, this system can be implemented over a wide range of operating environments, applications and battery topologies.|
|Date Deposited:||01 May 2010 19:21|
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