Observer-based tuning of two-inertia servo-drive systems with integrated SAW torque transducers

O'Sullivan, T and Bingham, Chris and Schofield, N (2007) Observer-based tuning of two-inertia servo-drive systems with integrated SAW torque transducers. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 52 (2). pp. 1080-1091. ISSN 0278-0046

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Observer-based tuning of two-inertia servo-drive systems with integrated SAW torque transducers
This paper proposes controller design and tuning methodologies that facilitate the rejection of periodic load-side disturbances applied to a torsional mechanical system while simultaneously compensating for the observer’s inherent phase delay. This facilitates the use of lower-bandwidth practically realizable disturbance observers. The merits of implementing full- and reduced-order observers are investigated, with the latter being implemented with a new low-cost servo-machine-integrated highbandwidth torque-sensing device based on surface acoustic wave (SAW) technology. Specifically, the authors’ previous work based on proportional–integral–derivative (PID) and resonance ratio control (RRC) controllers (IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1226–1237, Aug. 2006) is augmented with observer disturbance feedback. It is shown that higher-bandwidth disturbance observers are required to maximize disturbance attenuation over the low-frequency band (as well as the desired rejection frequency), thereby attenuating a wide range of possible frequencies. In such cases, therefore, it is shown that the RRC controller is the preferred solution since it can employ significantly higher observer bandwidth, when compared to PID counterparts, by virtue of reduced noise sensitivity. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the prototype servo-machine-integrated 20-N · mSAWtorque transducer is not unduly affected by machine-generated electromagnetic noise and exhibits similar dynamic behavior as a conventional instrument inline torque transducer.
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2007.892743

Abstract

This paper proposes controller design and tuning
methodologies that facilitate the rejection of periodic load-side disturbances applied to a torsional mechanical system while simultaneously compensating for the observer’s inherent phase delay. This facilitates the use of lower-bandwidth practically realizable disturbance observers. The merits of implementing full- and reduced-order observers are investigated, with the latter being implemented with a new low-cost servo-machine-integrated highband width
torque-sensing device based on surface acoustic wave
(SAW) technology. Specifically, the authors’ previous work based on proportional–integral–derivative (PID) and resonance ratio control (RRC) controllers (IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1226–1237, Aug. 2006) is augmented with observer disturbance feedback. It is shown that higher-bandwidth disturbance observers are required to maximize disturbance attenuation over the low-frequency band (as well as the desired rejection frequency), thereby attenuating a wide range of possible frequencies. In such cases, therefore, it is shown that the RRC controller is
the preferred solution since it can employ significantly higher observer bandwidth, when compared to PID counterparts, by virtue of reduced noise sensitivity. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the prototype servo-machine-integrated 20-N · mSAWtorque transducer is not unduly affected by machine-generated electromagnetic
noise and exhibits similar dynamic behavior as a
conventional instrument inline torque transducer.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:This paper proposes controller design and tuning methodologies that facilitate the rejection of periodic load-side disturbances applied to a torsional mechanical system while simultaneously compensating for the observer’s inherent phase delay. This facilitates the use of lower-bandwidth practically realizable disturbance observers. The merits of implementing full- and reduced-order observers are investigated, with the latter being implemented with a new low-cost servo-machine-integrated highband width torque-sensing device based on surface acoustic wave (SAW) technology. Specifically, the authors’ previous work based on proportional–integral–derivative (PID) and resonance ratio control (RRC) controllers (IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 1226–1237, Aug. 2006) is augmented with observer disturbance feedback. It is shown that higher-bandwidth disturbance observers are required to maximize disturbance attenuation over the low-frequency band (as well as the desired rejection frequency), thereby attenuating a wide range of possible frequencies. In such cases, therefore, it is shown that the RRC controller is the preferred solution since it can employ significantly higher observer bandwidth, when compared to PID counterparts, by virtue of reduced noise sensitivity. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the prototype servo-machine-integrated 20-N · mSAWtorque transducer is not unduly affected by machine-generated electromagnetic noise and exhibits similar dynamic behavior as a conventional instrument inline torque transducer.
Keywords:surface acoustic wave devices, electrical drives, motion control
Subjects:H Engineering > H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Divisions:College of Science > School of Engineering
ID Code:2312
Deposited By:INVALID USER
Deposited On:17 Apr 2010 16:15
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 08:35

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