Auditing the socio-environmental determinants of motivation towards physically activity or sedentariness in work-aged adults: a qualitative study

Keegan, Richard and Middleton, Geoff and Henderson, Hannah and Girling, Mica (2016) Auditing the socio-environmental determinants of motivation towards physically activity or sedentariness in work-aged adults: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health, 16 (1). p. 438. ISSN 1471-2458

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Background: There is a lack of understanding of work aged adults’ (30-60 years old) perspectives on the motivation of physical activity versus sedentariness. This study aims to: (1) identify which socio-environmental factors motivate physical activity and/or sedentary behavior, in adults aged 30-60 years; and (2) explore how these motivators interact and combine. Method: Fifteen work-aged adults who were able to engage in physical activity (Mean age = 43.9 years; SD 9.6, range 31-59) participated in semi-structured interviews. Inductive content analysis was used to generate an inventory of socio-environmental factors and their specific influences on motivation towards physical activity or sedentariness. Results: Key socio-environmental agents found to influence motivation included: Spouse/partner, parents, children, siblings, whole family, grandchildren, friends, work-mates, neighbors, strangers, team-mates and class-mates, instructors, health care professionals, employers, gyms and health companies, governments, media and social media, cultural norms, and the physical environment. Mechanisms fell into five broad themes of socio-environmental motivation for both physical activity and sedentariness: (1) competence and progress; (2) informational influences, (3) emotional influences, (4) pragmatics and logistics, and (5) relationships. Similar socio-environmental factors were frequently reported as able to motivate both activity and sedentariness. Likewise, individual categories of influence could also motivate both behaviors, depending on context. Conclusion: The findings of this paper ‘unpack’ theoretical concepts into specific and targeted behavioral recommendations. The data suggested no simple solutions for promoting physical activity or reducing sedentariness, but rather complex and interacting systems surrounding work-aged adults. Findings also suggest that health professionals should be encouraged to support adults’ health by examining the socio-environmental motivational influences, or 'motivational atmosphere'

Keywords:Motivational climate, determinants, ecological, behavioral etiology, interviews, health behavior, JCOpen
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C600 Sports Science
L Social studies > L510 Health & Welfare
C Biological Sciences > C841 Health Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Sport and Exercise Science
ID Code:23110
Deposited On:10 May 2016 14:40

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