Understanding community policing

Somerville, Peter (2009) Understanding community policing. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management, 32 (2). pp. 261-277. ISSN 1363-951X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13639510910958172

Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of the paper is to explore, in broad terms, how policing needs to be developed in communities today.

Approach
The approach is normative and analytical, considering the meaning of policing in general, and community policing in particular, and specifying the criteria that such policing has to satisfy in order to be fair and effective in contemporary society.

Findings
A concept of public self-policing is developed and community policing is then evaluated in the light of this concept. Police officers are understood as street-level bureaucrats, with multiple accountabilities. The ideal relationship between police and public is characterised as a structural coupling between two types of self-organising system.

Implications
The paper has implications for how policing organisations and governments might develop improved policing strategies in the future.

Value of the paper
The paper provides a clear, logical summary of thinking about the role of policing, particularly community policing, in today’s society. It offers a novel concept of public self-policing, leading to a new approach to the evaluation of the work of policing organisations.

Item Type:Article
Additional Information:Purpose The purpose of the paper is to explore, in broad terms, how policing needs to be developed in communities today. Approach The approach is normative and analytical, considering the meaning of policing in general, and community policing in particular, and specifying the criteria that such policing has to satisfy in order to be fair and effective in contemporary society. Findings A concept of public self-policing is developed and community policing is then evaluated in the light of this concept. Police officers are understood as street-level bureaucrats, with multiple accountabilities. The ideal relationship between police and public is characterised as a structural coupling between two types of self-organising system. Implications The paper has implications for how policing organisations and governments might develop improved policing strategies in the future. Value of the paper The paper provides a clear, logical summary of thinking about the role of policing, particularly community policing, in today’s society. It offers a novel concept of public self-policing, leading to a new approach to the evaluation of the work of policing organisations.
Keywords:policing, public, street-level bureaucracy, Somerville 693
Subjects:L Social studies > L900 Others in Social studies
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Social & Political Sciences
ID Code:2305
Deposited By: Peter Somerville
Deposited On:16 Apr 2010 13:04
Last Modified:13 Mar 2013 08:35

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