Common variants at 6q22 and 17q21 are associated with intracranial volume

Ikram, M. Arfan and Fornage, Myriam and Smith, Albert V. and Seshadri, Sudha and Schmidt, Reinhold and Debette, Stéphanie and Vrooman, Henri A. and Sigurdsson, Sigurdur and Ropele, Stefan and Taal, H. Rob and Mook-Kanamori, Dennis O. and Coker, Laura H. and Longstreth, W. T. and Niessen, Wiro J. and DeStefano, Anita L. and Beiser, Alexa and Zijdenbos, Alex P. and Struchalin, Maksim and Jack, Clifford R. and Rivadeneira, Fernando and Uitterlinden, Andre G. and Knopman, David S. and Hartikainen, Anna-Liisa and Pennell, Craig E. and Thiering, Elisabeth and Steegers, Eric A. P. and Hakonarson, Hakon and Heinrich, Joachim and Palmer, Lyle J. and Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta and McCarthy, Mark I. and Grant, Struan F. A. and Pourcain, Beate St and Timpson, Nicholas J. and Smith, George Davey and Sovio, Ulla and Nalls, Mike A. and Au, Rhoda and Hofman, Albert and Gudnason, Haukur and van der Lugt, Aad and Harris, Tamara B. and Meeks, William M. and Vernooij, Meike W. and van Buchem, Mark A. and Catellier, Diane and Jaddoe, Vincent W. V. and Gudnason, Vilmundur and Windham, B. Gwen and Wolf, Philip A. and van Duijn, Cornelia M. and Mosley, Thomas H. and Schmidt, Helena and Launer, Lenore J. and Breteler, Monique M. B. and DeCarli, Charles and Adair, Linda S. and Ang, Wei and Atalay, Mustafa and van Beijsterveldt, Toos and Bergen, Nienke and Benke, Kelly and Berry, Diane and Coin, Lachlan and Davis, Oliver S. P. and Elliott, Paul and Flexeder, Claudia and Frayling, Tim and Gaillard, Romy and Groen-Blokhuis, Maria and Goh, Liang-Kee and Haworth, Claire M. A. and Hadley, Dexter and Hedebrand, Johannes and Hinney, Anke and Hirschhorn, Joel N. and Holloway, John W. and Holst, Claus and Jan Hottenga, Jouke and Horikoshi, Momoko and Huikari, Ville and Hypponen, Elina and Kilpeläinen, Tuomas O. and Kirin, Mirna and Kowgier, Matthew and Lakka, Hanna-Maaria and Lange, Leslie A. and Lawlor, Debbie A. and Lehtimäki, Terho and Lewin, Alex and Lindgren, Cecilia and Lindi, Virpi and Maggi, Reedik and Marsh, Julie and Middeldorp, Christel and Millwood, Iona and Murray, Jeffrey C. and Nivard, Michel and Nohr, Ellen Aagaard and Ntalla, Ioanna and Oken, Emily and Panoutsopoulou, Kalliope and Pararajasingham, Jennifer and Rodriguez, Alina and Salem, Rany M. and Sebert, Sylvain and Siitonen, Niina and Strachan, David P. and Teo, Yik-Ying and Valcárcel, Beatriz and Willemsen, Gonneke and Zeggini, Eleftheria and Boomsma, Dorret I. and Cooper, Cyrus and Gillman, Matthew and Hocher, Berthold and Lakka, Timo A. and Mohlke, Karen L. and Dedoussis, George V. and Ong, Ken K. and Pearson, Ewan R. and Price, Thomas S. and Power, Chris and Raitakari, Olli T. and Saw, Seang-Mei and Scherag, Andre and Simell, Olli and Sørensen, Thorkild I. A. and Wilson, James F. (2012) Common variants at 6q22 and 17q21 are associated with intracranial volume. Nature Genetics, 44 (5). pp. 539-544. ISSN 1061-4036

Full content URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng.2245

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Item Type:Article
Item Status:Live Archive

Abstract

During aging, intracranial volume remains unchanged and represents maximally attained brain size, while various interacting biological phenomena lead to brain volume loss. Consequently, intracranial volume and brain volume in late life reflect different genetic influences. Our genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 8,175 community-dwelling elderly persons did not reveal any associations at genome-wide significance (P < 5 × 10−8) for brain volume. In contrast, intracranial volume was significantly associated with two loci: rs4273712 (P = 3.4 × 10−11), a known height-associated locus on chromosome 6q22, and rs9915547 (P = 1.5 × 10−12), localized to the inversion on chromosome 17q21. We replicated the associations of these loci with intracranial volume in a separate sample of 1,752 elderly persons (P = 1.1 × 10−3 for 6q22 and 1.2 × 10−3 for 17q21). Furthermore, we also found suggestive associations of the 17q21 locus with head circumference in 10,768 children (mean age of 14.5 months). Our data identify two loci associated with head size, with the inversion at 17q21 also likely to be involved in attaining maximal brain size.

Keywords:Genetics, Brain size, Intracranial volume
Subjects:L Social studies > L510 Health & Welfare
C Biological Sciences > C420 Human Genetics
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
ID Code:22931
Deposited On:02 Aug 2016 10:32

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