Different risk factors between disruptive behavior disorders and ADHD in Northern Finland birth cohort 1986

Nordstrom, Tanja and Hurtig, Tuula and Rodriguez, Alina and Savolainen, Jukka and Rautio, Arja and Moilanen, Irma and Taanila, Anja and Ebeling, Hanna (2017) Different risk factors between disruptive behavior disorders and ADHD in Northern Finland birth cohort 1986. Journal of Attention Disorders, 21 (11). pp. 904-912. ISSN 1087-0547

Full content URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054714538654

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Different risk factors between disruptive behavior disorders and ADHD in Northern Finland birth cohort 1986

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Abstract

Objective: To examine different risk factors between disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) and ADHD or combined DBD and ADHD. Method: The study population was derived from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986. Psychiatric diagnoses were defined from the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children–Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) interview. The study sample was divided into four groups—people with DBD (n = 44), with ADHD (n = 91), with both (n = 72), and without either (n = 250)—to evaluate the different risk factors behind these disorders. Results: After adjusting with possible confounding factors, female gender and paternal admittance to inpatient psychiatric care increased the odds that an adolescent was having DBD. Childhood hyperactivity symptoms increased the odds of having ADHD and childhood hyperactivity symptoms and scholastic impairment increased the odds of having both disorders. Conclusion: Our study indicates DBD and ADHD have clearly different risk factors, and the impact of the paternal factors on DBD should be noted more than has been before.

Keywords:Disruptive behavioral disorder, ADHD, Conduct disorder, Oppositional defiant disorder, Comorbidity, NotOAChecked
Subjects:C Biological Sciences > C841 Health Psychology
Divisions:College of Social Science > School of Psychology
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ID Code:22922
Deposited On:03 Aug 2016 09:35

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